CO2 'highest for 650,000 years'
By Richard Black
Environment Correspondent, BBC News website
Current levels of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane in the atmosphere are higher now than at any time in the past 650,000 years.
That is the conclusion of new European studies looking at ice taken from 3km below the surface of Antarctica.
The scientists say their research shows present day warming to be exceptional.
Other research, also published in the journal Science, suggests that sea levels may be rising twice as fast now as in previous centuries.
The evidence on atmospheric concentrations comes from an Antarctic region called Dome Concordia (Dome C).
Over a five year period commencing in 1999, scientists working with the European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (Epica) have drilled 3,270m into the Dome C ice, which equates to drilling nearly 900,000 years back in time.
Gas bubbles trapped as the ice formed yield important evidence of the mixture of gases present in the atmosphere at that time, and of temperature.
"One of the most important things is we can put current levels of carbon dioxide and methane into a long-term context," said project leader Thomas Stocker from the University of Bern, Switzerland.
"We find that CO2 is about 30% higher than at any time, and methane 130% higher than at any time; and the rates of increase are absolutely exceptional: for CO2, 200 times faster than at any time in the last 650,000 years."
Last year, the Epica team released its first data. The latest two papers analyse gas composition and temperature dating back 650,000 years.
This extends the picture drawn by another Antarctic ice core taken near Lake Vostok which looked 440,000 years into the past.
The extra data is crucial because around 420,000 years there appears to have been a significant shift in the Earth's long-term climate patterns.
Before and after this date, the planet went through 100,000 year cycles of alternating cold glacial and warm interglacial periods.
But around the 420,000 year mark, the precise pattern changed, with the contrast between warm and cold conditions becoming much more marked.
The Dome C core gives data from six cycles of glaciation and warming; two from before this change, four from after.
"We found a very tight relationship between CO2 and temperature even before 420,000 years," said Professor Stocker.
"The fact that the relationship holds across the transition between climatic regimes is a very strong indication of the important role of CO2 in climate regulation."
Epica scientists will now try to extend their analysis further back in time.
Another study reported in the same journal claims that for the last 150 years, sea levels have been rising twice as fast as in previous centuries.
Using data from tidal gauges and reviewing findings from many previous studies, US researchers have constructed a new sea level record covering the last 100 million years.
They calculate the present rate of rise at 2mm per year.
"The main thing that's changed since the 19th Century and the beginning of modern observation has been the widespread increase in fossil fuel use and more greenhouse gases," said Kenneth Miller from Rutgers University.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the body which collates scientific evidence for policymakers, concludes that sea level rose by 1-2mm per year over the last century, and will rise by a total of anything up to 88cm during the course of this century.
Wednesday 7 September 2005
EGA X RAY SOLAR FLARE HITS EARTH
FIRST AID ARIZONA.COM
GO TO Most critical Katerina links: HELP PLEASE!!
Updates as they come in on Katrina
10:53 PM CDT on Tuesday, September 6, 2005
10:53 P.M. - (AP): As flood waters slowly receded by the inch Tuesday, New Orleans Mayor C. Ray Nagin authorized law enforcement officers and the U.S. military to force the evacuation of all residents who refuse to heed orders to leave the dark, dangerous city.
Nagin's emergency declaration released late Tuesday states that those who can be compelled to leave include people who are on private property or just don't wish to flee, unless they have been designated by government officials as helping with the relief effort. The move comes after some citizens informed authorities who had come to deliver them out of New Orleans that they would not leave their homes and property.
While acknowledging that the declaration had been made, police Capt. Marlon Defillo said when contacted late Tuesday that any forced removal of citizens had not yet begun. He said that those who were visiting homes were still reminding people that police may not be able to rescue them if they stay.
"That would be a P.R. nightmare for us," Defillo said of any forced evacuations. "That's an absolute last resort."
Repeated telephone calls to Nagin's spokeswoman, Tami Frazier, were not returned for comment.
Eye Witness of Katrina Flood
Tonight I spent almost 30 minutes listening to Sheriff Jack Strain on the radio - WWL around 12 Mid Night.
He is describing St Tammanny Parish as having experienced a total INFRASTRUCTRUE FAILURE. He estimates that 90% of the infrastructure in the Parish is non-existenent.
In short order:
The Eye passed directly over the Eastern Part of the Parish. As you know the twin spans are damaged.......Pieces of the Highway 11 Bridge structure are missing. He apologized for the lack of information but even advised that he had attempted to cross the Causeway into N.O. in order to speak to WWL but was advised that he couldn't because there is damage on the Causeway and not yet looked at by D.O.T..
Only one house is standing on (I am probably misssing the name "Rat Tail Rd?)
Edsen Isles, Lakeshore Estates FLOODED...........
All Car dealerships on O.S.T.,,,,,,,ALL CARS FLOODED.
Kings Wood and Springhill area.......totally under water.....
PALM LAKE - BAYOU LIBERTY........FLOODED......
He said he was on I-10 when the Lake spilled over and flooded the entire area to the Fremeaux Area.
His men are literally cutting big trees in half and zig zagging along the roads in a RESCUE mode right now.Over 200 people have had to be rescued as of this evening.......
The DEPUTIES made it down 434 today cutting trees as they went and will be into the Rigolets on tomorrow..........
No fatalites in that area and only 3 to report as of now...
Hwy22 is a one lane jig saw to Bush. 59 has trees across also and the only way they can navigate the area is with a Chain Saw.
Airport Road area........4-5 Ft of Water but mostly trees down..........
He thinks that maybe (I am not kidding) 1 million trees fell through out the Parish with the most in Slidell and the Eastern part of the Parish.....
The Slidell Police Dept. had to be rescued after water seeped into the SECOND FLOOR and flooded their headquarters and equipment.
He was very apologetic about the lack of communication but he had nothing to call on or use and is overwhelmed right now. He was calling from the Jail in Covington which just had some service restored late tonight. Also had to transfer 300 Prisoners to other Parishes and still looking for other jurisdictions to take more prisoners so he can get ALL of his deputies out working to make it safe again!
As of tomorrow (Wed - 8-31) there will be 4 Red Cross Stations set up in St Tammany, light company repair trucks are in place and the National Guard has arrived. He is very aware of the possible looting and says his men will be out in force.
Lastly, he asked the station to let everyone know that he shares your frustration and anxiety in coming back but says if you start showing up BEFORE rescues are complete, before water, lights, and stores are operating, you are only going to ADD to the problem. There is NO LIGHTS, GAS, WATER, or STORES to puchase them from.
He said at this point he and Kevin Davis(Parish President) are still in a RECOVERY AND RESCUE mode and will not make a decision until next week on returning to the Parish.
Bad thing is his best estimate is that it will be 7 to 10 days or longer before just basic services are semi-adequate.
F.Y.I.: The PARISH IS C L O S E D!!!!!!!!!!
I pray for all of your families and from a personal experience I never thought that I would build a house in Quail Ridge(of all places) and experince a Category 4 Hurricane passing through the Living Room.
Please be patient and most of all,,,,,,don;t risk putting the ones you love in peril because of your own selfishness.......
Sad but truly, "This is what it is"..........we can learn from it and be thankful we're alive"........We can always buy more STUFF............
PERSPECTIVE FOLKS.......that's all i'm trying to say......
Rescuers along the hurricane-ravaged Gulf Coast pushed aside the dead to reach the living Tuesday in a race against time and rising waters, while New Orleans sank deeper into crisis and Louisiana's governor ordered storm refugees out of this drowning city.
This link will open new page, allow slow load up.Thanks.
Two levees broke and sent water coursing into the streets of the Big Easy a full day after New Orleans appeared to have escaped widespread destruction from Hurricane Katrina. An estimated 80 percent of the below-sea-level city was under water, up to 20 feet deep in places, with miles and miles of homes swamped.
"The situation is untenable," Gov. Kathleen Blanco said. "It's just heartbreaking."
One Mississippi county alone said its death toll was at least 100, and officials are "very, very worried that this is going to go a lot higher," said Joe Spraggins, civil defense director for Harrison County, home to Biloxi and Gulfport.
Thirty of the victims in the county were from a beachfront apartment building that collapsed under a 25-foot wall of water as Katrina slammed the Gulf Coast with 145-mph winds. And Louisiana officials said many were feared dead there, too, making Katrina one of the most punishing storms to hit the United States in decades.
After touring the destruction by air, Mississippi Gov. Haley Barbour said it looked like Hiroshima after the atomic bomb was dropped.
New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin said hundreds, if not thousands, of people may still be stuck on roofs and in attics, and so rescue boats were bypassing the dead.
"We're not even dealing with dead bodies," Nagin said. "They're just pushing them on the side."
The flooding in New Orleans grew worse by the minute, prompting the evacuation of hotels and hospitals and an audacious plan to drop huge sandbags from helicopters to close up one of the breached levees. At the same time, looting broke out in some neighborhoods, the sweltering city of 480,000 had no drinkable water, and the electricity could be out for weeks.
With water rising perilously inside the Superdome, Blanco said the tens of thousands of refugees now huddled there and other shelters in New Orleans would have to be evacuated.
Iraqi Shiites to Submit Amended Charter
By ROBERT H. REID, Associated Press Writer
Iraq's Shiite and Kurdish leaders decided Friday to send an amended constitution to parliament this weekend, even though Sunni Arab negotiators said they rejected the latest document. Bypassing Sunnis would be a blow to U.S. efforts to lure them away from the insurgency.
Unless reversed, the decision, announced by several Shiite officials after day long negotiations, would set the stage for a bitter fight across the country. Shiites and Kurds will encourage their people to vote for the charter in the Oct. 15 referendum with Sunnis lobbying just as strongly against it.
In Washington, U.S. officials insisted negotiations were on track and that talks at some level were still ongoing before dawn Saturday. However, Iraqi government spokesman Laith Kubba said the two-month negotiations were hopelessly deadlocked.
"This is the end of the road," Kubba told Al-Arabiya television. "In the end, we will put this constitution to the people to decide."
Failure to win Sunni endorsement of the draft would be a major embarrassment for President Bush, who telephoned a top Shiite leader, Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, and urged him to make compromises with the Sunnis to keep them on board.
26 Aug 2005
Something nice is happening in the sunset sky. Venus and Jupiter, the two brightest planets, are converging, and they're going to be beautifully close together for the next two weeks.
Step outside tonight when the sun goes down and look west. If there are no trees or buildings in the way, you can't miss Jupiter and Venus. They look like airplanes, hovering near the horizon with their lights on full blast. (Venus is the brighter of the two.) You can see them even from brightly-lit cities.
Try catching the pair just after sundown and just before the first stars appear. Venus and Jupiter pop into view while the sky is still twilight-blue. The scene has a special beauty.
When the sky darkens completely, look to the left of Jupiter for Spica, the brightest star in the constellation Virgo.
Although it's a bright star, Spica is completely outclassed by the two planets.
Venus and Jupiter are converging at the noticeable rate of 1o per day, with closest approach coming on September 1st when the two will be a little more than 1o apart. (How much is 1o? Hold your pinky finger at arm's length. The tip is about 1o wide.)
When planets are so close together, not only do you notice them, you'll have a hard time taking your eyes off them. They're spellbinding.
There's a biological reason for this phenomenon: In the back of your eye, near the center of the retina, lies a small patch of tissue called "the fovea" where cones are extra-densely packed. "Whatever you see with the fovea, you see in high-definition," explains Stuart Hiroyasu, O.D., of Bishop, California. "The fovea is critical to reading, driving, watching television; it has the brain's attention." The field of view of the fovea is 5o. When two objects converge to, say, 1o as Venus and Jupiter will do, they can beam into your fovea simultaneously, signaling your brain—attention, please!
After September 1st, the two planets separate, but the show's not over. On September 6th, with Jupiter and Venus still pleasingly close together, the slender crescent Moon will leap up from the sun's glare and join the two planets. Together, they'll form a compact triangle that will simply knock your socks off.
What's Up in Space -- 23 Aug 2005
Sunspot 798 exploded twice yesterday, August 22nd, and hurled a pair of coronal mass ejections (CMEs: #1, #2) toward Earth. Geomagnetic storms are possible when the clouds arrive on August 23rd and 24th. Sky watchers, particularly those in Alaska and Canada, should be alert for auroras
SUNSPOT SURPRISE: Sunspot 798 reminds us why astronauts can never breath easy far from the safety of their habitat or spaceship: The sun can change from quiet to active in a surprisingly short time. On August 18th, sunspot 798 didn't exist. Then, in less than 24 hours, it materialized and grew into a planet-sized behemoth.
28 July 2005
Late last night Congress Passes CAFTA: A Flawed Trade Pact
The Bush Administration signed the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) — a proposed pact between the United States and five Central American countries (Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica) — on May 28, 2004, and congressional approval is now the final hurdle before its passage into law. The trade agreement recently passed in the Senate with a narrow margin of approval, 54-45 (the tightest Senate trade vote in recent history) and the House will soon consider the bill. If passed, CAFTA, an extension of NAFTA, would likely have a devastating effect on both workers and the environment.
Shuttle DISCOVERY Launched July 26 2005
27 July 2005
SPACE CENTER, Houston -
NASA grounded future shuttle flights Wednesday because a big chunk of insulating foam flew off Discovery's fuel tank during liftoff — as it did with Columbia — but this time apparently missed the spacecraft.
"Until we're ready, we won't go fly again. I don't know when that might be," shuttle program manager Bill Parsons told reporters in a briefing Wednesday evening.
The chunk of foam flew off Discovery's redesigned tank just two minutes after what initially looked like a perfect liftoff Tuesday morning. But in less than an hour NASA had spotted images of a mysterious object whirling away from the tank.
Mission managers did not realize what the object was — or how much havoc it would cause to the shuttle program — until Wednesday after reviewing video and images taken by just a few of the 100-plus cameras in place to watch for such dangers.
7 July 2005
the G8 meeting in Scotland and the Make Poverty History campaign.
Averting Impending Extinction of Our Civilization
by a Recurrent "Superwave" from the Galactic Center
Our Star Lady is called "Waterway." This mystical picture is a very carefully rendered Navajo sand painting done by Joe Ben, Jr. The two waterways are thought to be Emergence Lakes, the route through which the Navajo ascended to this world. The four personages are Rain People with a rainbow over each, carrying clouds. They flank the east and west oceans (in the center) whose surfaces reflect the stars.
This picture shows us that ponds of water were once used to track and measure the stars, just as in India and in the southern lands. (see Maya / Aztec Star Learning and Measure Training.) This is a clear indication that star-watching was a well-known professional occupation by all the educated tribes of the Americas, long before the event of the telescope.
In this picture, the stars within the pools of water, I believe are essential, not as the symbolic nature of religious esoteric observations, but to ancient astronomy notations at the time the great meteorite fallout of the Americas. As if to agree with the Navajo legend of emergence, a great heat during this star event has been described by many nations around the world. One can assume that the Navajo survived with the aid of cooling waters deep within mountain caves. The few survivors emerged from those caves to start a new life but with a greater awareness of the earth and the heavens in relation to their own existence.
According to a legend told by the Hopi Indians, the present world civilization is not the first to populate the earth. Before this one, there were three other "worlds", each terminated by a global catastrophe. They call the present world cycle the "Fourth World", and claim that it too like the others before it, will one day come to an end. They say that this ending will be heralded by the appearance of Saquasohuh, the Blue Star spirit.
Since the cores of distant exploding galaxies are observed to have a bright blue star-like appearance, it is reasonable to expect that the core of our own Galaxy would have a similar appearance during its explosive phase.
So the legendary appearance of the Blue Star could be referring to an explosion of our Galaxy's core.... Several hundred years after the first appearance of the Blue Star, earth observers would have become aware of lighting effects resulting from the Superwave's passage through the galaxy's central buldge.
Sychrotron radiation emitted by the Superwave's cosmic rays, would have illuminated the dense gas clouds in the Galaxy's nucleus to create an oval luminous form around the Blue Star...Dense clouds of dust obscure visible light coming from this region. However, during its bright active phase, some light would have penetrated. This frightening spectacle may have appeared to ancient inhabitants as a gigantic punishing "Eye" in the sky, the entire form occupying about a 16 degree field of view, or about 32 solar diameters.
The "iris", would have a diameter of about, 4 degrees with a brilliant light emanating from its central pupil--the Blue Star."
The Dying Earth Earth To Humankind: Back Off!
Carl Jung, one of the fathers of psychology, famously remarked that "people cannot stand too much reality." What you're about to read may challenge your assumptions about the kind of world we live in, and especially the kind of world into which events are propelling us.
We are in for a rough ride through uncharted territory.
Was the December 26, 2004 Indonesian Earthquake and Tsunami
Caused by a Stellar Explosion 45,000 Light Years Away?
Gamma Ray Bursts, Gravity Waves, and Earthquakes
A New Kind of DEADLY Solar Storm
The largest emission of radiation by the sun in 15 years could disrupt mobile telephone communications as well as television and radio reception, scientists said.
Large solar flares were unleashed when energy stored in magnetic fields above sunspots was suddenly released, according to the scientists at Britain's Royal Astronomical Society.
The effects of the solar flares were seen at different points on earth, including brilliant auroras over parts of Britain on Friday night.
"Flares can affect short-wave communications and satellites in the earth's orbit which could mean problems for phones, television and radio signals," said Peter Bond, spokesman for the Royal Astronomical Society.
"The flares have caused a huge amount of geo-magnetic activity as the magnetic field takes a while to settle," he said.
It was the largest radiation storm since October 1989, according to experts.
2004 the Fourth Warmest Year Globally
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has determined that 2004 was the fourth warmest year since accurate records commenced in 1861. The last 10 years (1995-2004), with the exception of 1996, are among the warmest 10 years on record.
Diego Garcia -- did US military/CIA know tsunami was in progress?
US Military Tsunami
A Devil's Island for Our Times
The War on Fog
Congress Resists Key Recommendation of 911 Panel
Congress Urged to Fix Terror Oversight
Asian Tsunami Disaster
A tsunami is a series of waves generated by an impulsive disturbance in the ocean or in a small, connected body of water. These waves sometimes inflict severe damage to property and pose a threat to life in coastal communities.
Indonesia drastically reduces possible tsunami death toll
Indonesia drastically reduced the possible death toll from the December 26 tsunami, removing more than 50,000 from its total number of people listed as missing.
UAE sees snow for first time ever
DUBAI - Snow has fallen over the United Arab Emirates for the first time ever, leaving a white blanket over the mountains of Ras al-Khaimah as the desert country experienced a cold spell and above-average rainfall.
Dubai airport's meteorology department told AFP that snow fell over the Al-Jees mountain range in Ras al-Khaimah, which is the most northerly member of the UAE federation.
The English-language Gulf News reported that the mountain cluster, 5,700 feet (1,737 metres) above sea level, "had heavy night-time snowfall for the past two days as a result of temperatures dropping to as low as minus five Celsius (23 Fahrenheit)" and stunning the emirate's residents.
On Monday, 12.6 millimetres (half an inch) of rain fell on the desert emirate of Dubai, where it hardly ever rains, as police reported 500 accidents on its roads in 24 hours, including one fatality, as a result of a three-day downpour.
A cold spell has hit the country this week, with the mercury plunging to 12 degrees Celsius (53.6 Fahrenheit) in Dubai on Wednesday night.
The meteorology department, however, said the chilly weather in Dubai, where summer temperatures reach 50 Celcius (122 Fahrenheit), will probably end by next week.
Continue to Archives: 1999,
Return to Top of Page.